The Action Level!® Quiz - Volume 14 No 7 - July 2017

Provide FULL NAME and EMAIL information below, then answer the questions and click "Submit".

Effects of Organizational Safety Practices and Perceived Safety Climate on PPE Usage, Engineering Controls, and Adverse Events Involving Liquid Antineoplastic Drugs among Nurses

David M. DeJoy, Todd D. Smith, Henok Woldu, Mari-Amanda Dyal, Andrea L. Steege and James M. Boiano

1. One explanation provided by the authors for the poor adherence to PPE among experienced nurses was that these nurses had more benign experience. True or False?

2. The most prominent dimension of safety climate is:

Pilot Study of Patron Sound Level Exposures in Loud Restaurants, Bars and Clubs in New York City

Ariel Spira-Cohen, Anna Caffarelli and Lawrence Fung

3. Assuming an acceptable lifetime noise dose of 42 working years and 85 dBA Time-Weighted-Average (TWA), if a patron frequents a venue with an average sound level 92 dBA (the mean in this study) for 3 hours at a time 3 times per week for 10 years, what proportion of the patron’s total lifetime acceptable dose will be received from this exposure, and what would be the equivalent occupational exposure?

4. In this study, in approximately half of the venues sampled, field staff reached 100% or more of their allowable daily noise dose during their visit based on the NIOSH REL (85 dBA 8-hr TWA). True or False?

Evaluation of Coverall Field Dry Aerosol Decontamination Methods Using a Manikin

J.M. Slagley, H. Paschold and J.M. Engler

5. Compressed air blowoff without capturing the exhaust contaminant-laden cloud is an effective method to remove dry aerosol contamination from worker coveralls. Because of this, the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) encourages employers to provide compressed air hoses without any other air contaminant capture for worker decontamination. True or False?

6. In the article, the researchers compared three dry aerosol decontamination treatments. When comparing no decontamination to high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) vacuum and air shower, what conclusions were drawn from the results?

Inhalation Exposure during Spray Application and Subsequent Sanding of a Wood Sealant Containing Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles

Michael R. Cooper, Gavin H. West, Leonard G. Burrelli, Daniel Dresser, Kelsey N. Griffin, Alan M. Segrave, Jon Perrenoud and Bruce E. Lippy

7. Although OSHA has not established a Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) for nanoscale zinc oxide, NIOSH has published a Recommended Exposure Limit for this nanomaterial. True or False?

8. Which of the following methods or instrumentation are useful for assessment of occupational exposure to engineered nanomaterials?

Fume Emissions from a Low-cost 3-D Printer with Various Filaments

Evan L. Floyd, Jun Wang and James L. Regens

9. TEM images showed that there are some long rod-shaped micron-sized particles, very likely to be:

10. Although 3-D printing did emit some toxic volatile organic compounds such as styrene and ethylbenzene, their concentrations were insignificant compared to the available regulatory limits. True or False?

Development of a Thoracic Personal Sampler System for Co-sampling of Sulfuric Acid Mist and Sulfur Dioxide Gas

Chih-Hsiang Chien, Alexandros Theodore, Chufan Zhou, Chang-Yu Wu, Yu-Mei Hsu and Brian Birky


12. Because sulfuric acid mists are hygroscopic and mainly damage the thoracic region, thoracic concentration should be used for assessing the health risk of sulfuric acid mists. True or False?

Characterization of Chemical Contaminants Generated by a Desktop Fused Deposition Modeling 3-Dimensional Printer

Aleksandr B. Stefaniak, Ryan F. LeBouf, Jinghai Yi, Jason Ham, Timothy Nurkewicz, Diane E. Schwegler-Berry, Bean T. Chen, J. Raymond Wells, Matthew G. Duling, Robert B. Lawrence, Stephen B. Martin, Jr., Alyson R. Johnson and M. Abbas Virji

13. There are sufficient toxicological data available to indicate that 3-D printer emissions are a greater hazard than laser printer emissions? True or False

14. Which of these carbonyl reaction products are not formed during 3-D printing?

Identifying Thermal Breakdown Products of Thermoplastics

Marianne Guillemot, Benoît Oury and Sandrine Melin

15. In general, laser purging operations would never be expected to generate formaldehyde concentrations above applicable workplace exposure limit. True or False?

16. Injection-molding of PET and POM (also PMMA transformation by laser cutting) would likely have considerable potential to generate harmful substances. True or False?


Kevin M. Ryan, Alan H. Breaud, Laura Eliseo, Ralph Goto and Patricia Mitchell

17. The following sequence correctly orders injuries greatest to least: Skin > shoulder > back > lower extremity

18. This study provides definitive data across multiple sites that additional training measures focused on rescueboard and rescue techniques may help minimize the risk of workplace injuries. True or False?

Deadline for answers is July 31, 2017.

Answers will be available online on August 28, 2017.